Monday, December 10, 2018

Networking Part II: Hexadecimal

This is part 2 of a series of networking posts:

Binary is base 2, where base 2 means that and can only hold the values of 0 or 1 for a digit.

Hexadecimal is base 16. Base 16 means that up to 16 different values in any given placeholder. The values 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, A, B, C, D, E, and F are the potential values for a digit in hexadecimal. Notice the pattern below between binary, decimal, and hexadecimal.


The benefit of hexadecimal is that 4 binary bits can always be expressed in 1 hexadecimal value. Hexadecimal makes it easier to read and write large binary numbers.

Where is hexadecimal used?

  • MAC addresses (on your router!)
  • Error codes on Windows blue screens in the older days (STOP codes specifically)
  • HTML color codes (#33CCFF)
Fun fact: Four bits is called a nibble.

If you want to see a cool article I like a lot that has more info, go here!